Top 15 Ports in Italy in 2022 [Ultimate List]

Top 15 Ports in Italy in 2022 [Ultimate List]

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Italy has performed an vital function in marine commerce since antiquity, owing to its distinctive topography. In earlier occasions, ports in Italy like Genoa, Venice, Pisa, and Amalfi competed for dominance of commerce routes alongside the Mediterranean Sea all through the Center Ages and Renaissance. Whereas they finally fell sufferer to the rise of Atlantic commerce and different circumstances, they cleared the way in which for the seafaring European nations that adopted.

Italy remains to be a significant maritime hub within the Mediterranean, with high-capacity ports managed primarily by public port authorities established beneath the 1994 Port Reform Regulation.

We start with an outline of several types of ports and classes of products dealt with on this article in order that we could higher perceive find out how to consider every port’s efficiency and assemble a single total rating.

The amount of tonnage that passes via a business port every year is maybe the obvious metric for figuring out its dimension. It’s the usual by which the nation’s and world’s largest ports are ranked. Nevertheless, this isn’t the one choice.

In lots of circumstances, the variety of Twenty-Foot Equal Models (TEUs) passing via a port’s docks is extra vital than the quantity of tonnage. The everyday dimension of ISO containers is a TEU, which is 20 toes lengthy (simply over 6 meters) and has an exterior quantity of 1,360 cubic volumes, or 38.5 cubic meters.

The most important ports will be ranked primarily based on each annual tonnes and the variety of TEUs that move via them every year. The TEU is a typical abbreviation for the world’s main ports.

After we take a look at container visitors and the variety of TEUs dealt with in 2019, the rankings of crucial Italian ports change significantly. On this record, Genoa is available in #1, adopted by Gioia Tauro. Each ports dealt with greater than 2.5 million TEUs in 2019, albeit with substantial variances.

When defining the rating of the 15 main Italian ports, the variety of tonnes that move via every port every year is taken into consideration. On the degree of medium-sized ports, this determine is extra vital. Assoporti depends on and releases information that’s present as of 2018. So, let’s see which of Italy’s ports is crucial.

List of Ports in Italy

Sl. No. Port Identify
1. Port of Trieste (ITTRS)
2. Port of Genoa (ITGOA)
3. Port of Livorno (ITLIV)
4. Port of Cagliari (ITCAG)
5. Port of Gioia Tauro (ITGIT)
6. Port of Ravenna (ITRAN)
7. Port of Venice (ITVCE)
8. Port of Messina (ITMSN)
9. Port of Augusta (ITAUG)
10. Port of Taranto (ITTAR)
11. Port of Naples (ITNAP)
12. Port of La Spezia (ITSPE)
13. Port of Salerno (ITSAL)
14. Port of Savona (ITSVN)
15. Port of Civitavecchia (ITCVV)

1) Port of Trieste

Port of Trieste

The Free Port of Trieste is a port in Trieste, Italy, on the Adriatic Sea. It’s separated into 5 totally different Free Areas, three of that are designated for business functions. The Mineral Oils Free Space and the “Canale di Zaule” Free Space, the 2 remaining areas, are used for industrial functions.

With a complete of 62.68 million tonnes of commodities transported every year, Trieste is on the prime in freight visitors. The formal historical past of this Adriatic port dates again to 1719 when the Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire granted it a free port. With the development of the Suez Canal, the prominence of this business port skyrocketed. Because of this, the port’s amenities had been expanded.

The port turned a free port in 1891, and it was enclosed from the remainder of the city. The free port standing, which had beforehand been prolonged to your complete metropolis, was now restricted to this area, and the town was bodily divided from it.

Between 1901 and 1914, work on the Rive area (the embankment), the Bersaglieri Wharf, the Scalo Legnami (the timber pier), and the S. Andrea port began (piers V and VI). Between 1924 and 1936, the fourth period is marked by the completion of main public works tasks, together with the completion of marine infrastructures, port tools on piers V and VI, the Silo, the Stazione Marittima (passenger station), and the Idroscalo (the air harbor).

Following the reconstruction of buildings devastated by WWII bombings, an progressive port reorganization was launched to satisfy the wants of containerization and fashionable transportation networks.

2) Port of Genoa

Port of Genoa

Port of Genoa

The port of Genoa, one other historic port on the Italian peninsula, is ranked second within the rating of the 15 largest Italian ports. In 2014, 54.26 million tonnes of commodities had been transported via it.

It’s the largest Italian port, with 700 sq. meters of land floor space and 500 sq. meters of water floor space. The Port of Genoa is Italy’s principal seaport, competing with Marseille and Barcelona on the Mediterranean Sea. With a buying and selling quantity of 51.6 million tonnes, it’s Italy’s busiest port when it comes to cargo tonnage.

The passenger terminal quays cowl a complete space of 250 thousand sq. meters, with 5 cruise ship berths and 13 ferry berths, with an annual capability of 4 million ferry passengers, 1.5 million cars, and 250,000 vans.

The medieval marine station at Ponte dei Mille is now a technologically superior cruise terminal, with amenities modeled after the world’s most fashionable airports, to make sure fast embarking and disembarking of the world’s most fashionable ships transporting 1000’s of individuals.

Within the reconstructed space of Ponte Parodi, which was initially a grain dock, a 3rd cruise terminal is at the moment beneath development.

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3) Port of Livorno

Port of Livorno

Port of Livorno

With an annual visitors capability of roughly 30 million tonnes of cargo and 600,000 TEUs, the Port of Livorno is among the main seaports in Italy and one of many largest seaports within the Mediterranean Sea.

With greater than 15,000 staff and greater than 7,000 ships passing via every year, the port is a significant employer within the space.

Livorno’s port is a big Italian port on the Tyrrhenian Sea Hall, able to receiving a variety of vessels (LoLo, RoRo, liquid bulk, dry bulk, cruise ships, ferryboats). The port primarily serves the Italian areas of Tuscany, Emilia-Romagna, Umbria, and Marche.

4) Port of Cagliari

Port of Cagliari

Port of Cagliari. Pic courtesy: https://www.flickr.com/photographs/[email protected]/12807558/

The Port of Cagliari is among the main Italian seaports, in addition to one of many largest seaports within the Mediterranean Sea basin, with an annual visitors capability of round 50 million tonnes of cargo and 1,000,000 TEUs.

The Port of Cagliari, an historic Punic after which Roman port, handles 35.92 million tonnes per 12 months, just like the volumes dealt with by the Port of Livorno (it’s not by likelihood that in 2017 it was in third place among the many largest Italian ports).

Cagliari, Sardinia’s principal metropolis and residential to one of many Mediterranean Sea’s largest container terminals, is positioned on the island’s southern coast. The grain and sugar processing industries, in addition to cement and ceramics manufacture, are all supported by the encircling business.

The Port of Cagliari, positioned 18 kilometers from the Gibraltar-Suez superb line, is among the main transshipment hubs within the Western Mediterranean.

The Cagliari Port Authority’s territorial jurisdiction covers roughly 30 kilometers of shoreline and is separated into two areas: the traditional port and the canal port.

The traditional port incorporates a 5,800-meter quay that helps business, Ro-Ro, and passenger ship visitors. The canal port has a quay size of 1,600 meters and 5 ports for transshipment and Ro-Ro visitors.

These two ports are flanked by petrochemical and oil business amenities that may accommodate 17 ships at a time. The Port of Cagliari, positioned 18 kilometers from the Gibraltar-Suez superb line, is among the main transshipment hubs within the Western Mediterranean.

The petrochemical and oil industries are served with berths that may accommodate 17 ships at a time.

5) Port of Gioia Tauro

 

Port of Gioia Tauro

Port of Gioia Tauro

In southern Italy, the Port of Gioia Tauro is a major seaport. It’s Italy’s busiest container port, rating ninth in Europe and sixth within the Mediterranean Sea. The port of Gioia Tauro is ranked fifth on this rating of Italy’s main ports by annual tonnage.

If the rating had been primarily based on the variety of TEUs, the Calabrian facility can be ranked larger. If the port dealt with “solely” 29.16 million tonnes of products in 2018, it dealt with 2.32 million TEUs in the identical 12 months, in comparison with 725,000 TEUs in Trieste and a couple of.6 million TEUs in Genoa.

It’s uniquely tailored to serve Extremely Massive Container Ships as a result of it’s primarily a transshipment middle (ULCS). The port lies within the southern Italian province of Calabria, and it connects to the worldwide delivery line that runs from the Suez Canal to the Strait of Gibraltar.

It takes benefit of its pure depth (as much as 18 meters) and presents one of many longest linear quays within the Mediterranean (3.4 km).

Alongside its specialised tools (22 Ship-to-Shore cranes reaching as much as 23 rows of containers), these options make it potential for the port to concurrently serve 4 Extremely Massive Container Vessels, that are distinctive in Mediterranean ports.

The port’s output reached 3,467,772 TEU in 2008 after which decreased steadily between 2009 and 2011, reflecting the worldwide financial disaster.

The amount of visitors in Gioia Tauro has elevated between 2011 and 2013 however has fallen once more between 2013 and 2015. The situations of transshipment within the Mediterranean have been tough and the competitors from different main hubs in Greece, Egypt, and Malta has declined.

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6) Port of Ravenna

Port of Ravenna

Port of Ravenna. Pic courtesy: Marek

The Port of Ravenna is among the principal ports in Italy. This undisputed dominance has been achieved because of the quays, which span greater than 12,5 kilometers and are exceedingly geared up with probably the most cutting-edge strategies of loading and unloading, together with cereal-suction pipes, jib, and cellular shore cranes, bridge-Cranes and transtainers, mechanical lifting techniques, and screw loaders for bagged cargoes, amongst different yard technique of dealing with.

Ravenna’s port is serviced by its personal rail community. Port terminals are related to numerous railway traces, guaranteeing a connection to the nationwide rail community.

It has been round for 1000’s of years. The navy and commerce seaports of Ravenna are depicted on the other sides of S. Apollinare Nuovo, a Ravenna church erected by Theodoric the Nice.

Emperor Augustus established the navy harbor of Classe close to Ravenna in 31 BC. It was residence to the Roman Empire’s second imperial fleet (in response to Vegetius, Epitome of Navy Science fourth e book – the primary one was positioned in Portus Julius close to Capo Miseno close to the Port of Naples). Even after the autumn of the Roman Empire within the fifth century, the port remained energetic and flourished throughout Byzantine domination, as evidenced by the mosaics.

After being swamped by river silt and conquered by Venice within the fifteenth century, it fell into disrepair. The Corsini Canal, which connects Ravenna to the ocean and was named after Pope Clement XII, started working in 1738.

Throughout World Conflict I, america Navy constructed a naval air station at Porto Corsini on July 24, 1918, to function seaplanes. Shortly after the First Armistice in Compiègne, the bottom was closed.

An enormous petrochemical facility was constructed after WWII, however the 1973 oil disaster strengthened its multipurpose commerce amenities.

7) Port of Venice

Port of Venice

Port of Venice

The Port of Venice is a port in northeastern Italy that serves Venice. It’s Italy’s seventh busiest business port and one of the crucial vital within the Mediterranean for the cruise business, serving as a significant cruise ship hub. Among the many largest ports within the Mediterranean concerning the cruise sector, the Port of Venice is the seventh Italian port for cargo visitors, with 26.49 million tonnes per 12 months.

8) Port of Messina


Messina Port is a port in Messina, Sicily, Italy. The port has seen a significant improve in visitors within the twenty-first century, and is at the moment one of many largest and most vital ports for cruise ships within the Mediterranean, with passenger numbers rising from 260,000 in 2006 to 405,000 in 2009. Messina’s Port, which has remained almost utterly untouched over time, preserving its pure type, is the widest berth in Sicily.

Although its significance as a business port has decreased, it used to just accept and shelter vessels of all sizes from storms and tough seas. Even though it’s not a buying and selling port, it serves as a refueling station for seagoing vessels.

For generations, the town has been acknowledged because the gateway to Sicily, and its economic system at the moment depends closely on vacationers visiting not solely Messina however your complete island. In response to Assoporti’s figures, 24.43 million tonnes of products had been transported between Messina and Milazzo.

The port is made up of a giant pure harbor entrance that spans an space of roughly 820,000 m2 and is positioned on the western financial institution of the Strait of Messina. However, the port areas are nearly 50 hectares in dimension.

The northwest harbor entrance is about 400 meters large, and the basin’s common depth (about 100 meters from the docks) is 40 meters. This allows large ships to dock and acquire entry. The docks are related by rail via Messina Centrale and Messina Marittima railway stations and are geared up with each fastened and cellular cranes.

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9) Port of Augusta

The province of Syracuse contains the Port of Augusta, which is positioned in jap Sicily. The operation of petrochemical and petroleum refining, in addition to the manufacturing of unleaded gasoline, make it a significant industrial port. It additionally serves as a navy provide hub.

The port of Augusta is a crucial logistical middle within the Mediterranean due to its place. The port of Augusta, along with being an vital facility for the Italian Navy, noticed a circulate of 24.19 million tonnes of merchandise in 2018.

Since historic occasions, individuals have utilized the pure port. The Italian Navy didn’t develop the port and construct a major navy submit to exert coast management till the Thirties. The Royal Navy used the harbor for ten years in the course of the battle between Italy and Turkey, and it was usually raided by the Allies throughout their arrival in Sicily. From 1943 to 1946, it was occupied by the British Navy.

The oil refinery Rasiom Moratti, established by oil entrepreneur Angelo Moratti in 1949, marked the beginning of the town’s historical past as a large-scale industrial harbor, at the moment a part of the Augusta-Priolo petrochemical advanced. The institution of Sincat, a subsidiary of the Edison Group, which operated within the inorganic chemical and fertilizer sectors, the ability plant Tifeo, and a slew of different corporations like Liquigas, Ilgas, Sotis Cables, and Siciltubi ushered in a interval of serious development within the Nineteen Fifties and early Nineteen Sixties.

10) Port of Taranto

The Port of Taranto is a port in southeastern Italy that serves the town of Taranto. It is among the earliest ports for items commerce in Italy, and it’s positioned on the northern coast of the gulf, the place it performs an important business and geopolitical function. There are three entrances, two of that are energetic. It had a yearly output of 20.43 million tonnes of commodities. The container facility and the port of Taranto have their sights set on Turkey’s Yilport Holding AS.

11) Port of Naples

Port of Naples

Port of Naples. Pic courtesy: https://www.flickr.com/photographs/lance_mountain/138360993/

With an annual visitors capability of roughly 25 million tonnes of cargo and 500,000 TEUs, the Port of Naples is among the best Italian seaports and one of many largest seaports within the Mediterranean Sea basin.

It is among the most historic ports within the Mediterranean Sea. It’s a port that experiences heavy marine visitors every day, with large cruise ships departing and arriving, quite a few ferries to the islands of the Gulf of Naples (Ischia, Capri, and Procida), and a lot of hydrofoils sure for the fantastic thing about the Sorrento Peninsula (Amalfi, Sorrento, Positano).

Meals processing can also be vital to the native economic system, with Neapolitan espresso cultivated right here being shipped everywhere in the world through the port of Naples.

The shipyards play an important function within the Port of Naples. Three brick-built docks and 4 floating docks make up the infrastructure of the port shipyards.

The business consists of 4 massive enterprises and 60 small workshops that carry out ship repairs and make use of a complete of two,000 individuals with a income of greater than $200 million.

12) Port of La Spezia

Port of La Spezia

Port of La Spezia. Pi courtesy: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:La_Spezia_-_Porto.JPG

The port of La Spezia, on the coast between Genoa and Leghorn, serves the Padana Plain, Switzerland, Austria, and Bavaria markets. The port of La Spezia contains roughly 5 kilometers of quays and 575.00 sq. meters of floor space, in addition to 17.000 meters of rail tracks and three.500 meters of roads. It’s positioned inside a 150-hectare harbor and is protected by an outer barrier.

The port’s draught could attain 14 meters, permitting the latest container ships to dock; ongoing dredging tasks will increase the draught to fifteen meters. The terminals include cranes with a capability of as much as 100 tonnes and coated warehouses with a complete space of 13.000 sq. meters.

Two container terminals, one multipurpose terminal, one coal terminal, two oil terminals, one LNG terminal, and two cement terminals are all open for enterprise within the port.

In response to official information from 2017, the port of La Spezia was the second-largest Italian node when it comes to TEU motion, trailing solely the Port of Genoa, which moved 2.6 million TEUs yearly out of a complete of 10.5 million TEUs.

13) Port of Salerno


The Port of Salerno is a port in southwestern Italy that serves the town of Salerno. The port of Salerno, which is positioned within the Tyrrhenian Sea’s Gulf, is classed as a category II seaport.

The port of Salerno dealt with 14.91 million tonnes of cargo final 12 months. The Port of Salerno is important to the expansion of business exchanges and the transportation infrastructure all through central and southern Italy.

The Port of Salerno is extensively considered one in all Europe’s best and dynamic ports.

14) Port of Savona


The port of Savona Vado is positioned in Liguria (northwestern Italy), within the Mediterranean Sea’s northernmost area, and is near main European markets. Ligurian Ports, which includes the neighboring ports of Genoa and La Spezia, contains Savona Vado.

Ligurian Ports is an important financial hall for the economic system of Southern Europe and one of the crucial vital port techniques within the Mediterranean Sea.

Port terminals which can be privately held can deal with any type of cargo (containers, normal cargo, dry and liquid bulk), in addition to passengers (cruises and ferries). Liguria’s third business port, which has been in service because the Center Ages, dealt with 14.89 million tonnes of cargo in 2018.

15) Port of Civitavecchia


The port of Rome is Civitavecchia, which is 80 kilometers north of Rome on the Tyrrhenian Sea. The port helps fishing, thermoelectric, and metallurgic companies along with being one of many world’s busiest ferry ports, connecting Central Italy to Sardinia, Barcelona, Tunis, and different Mediterranean cities.

The Port of Civitavecchia, created by Trajan in 108 A.D. and now the principal buying and selling middle of Mare Nostrum, rounds out the highest 15 largest Italian ports. Its docks dealt with 11.41 million tonnes of cargo in 2018.

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Conclusion

The nation’s ports help within the growth of constructive relationships with buying and selling companions. The enlargement of maritime commerce within the nation has contributed to bettering the nation’s total commerce statistics. Exports and imports have a major affect within the nation’s financial growth.

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