The oldest survivor of the Nanjing Massacre died on Sunday, and fewer than 100 survivors stay, the Memorial Corridor of the Victims within the Nanjing Massacre stated on Monday.
State leaders will attend a public memorial ceremony on the Memorial Corridor of the Victims within the Nanjing Massacre by Japanese Invaders on Wednesday.
Guan Guangjing died at age 100 three days earlier than the Nationwide Memorial Day for Nanjing Massacre Victims. He had been bedridden for six months due to coronary heart illness and died at house from a number of organ failure, his 76-year-old son-in-law, who gave solely his surname as Liu, stated by telephone.
Guan contributed verbal testimony to Irrefutable Evidences, A Memoir of the Lishui Bombing Attributable to Japanese Invaders, revealed by Nanjing Press in November 2016. The ebook collected 31 survivors” oral accounts of the bombing in Nanjing’s Lishui county on Nov 29, 1937, and took greater than 1,200 lives.
He stated within the ebook that he hid underneath a giant rock in the course of the bombing and witnessed his neighbors, together with the 4 generations of a household surnamed Solar, being killed.
Guan later managed to remain alive by hiding wherever he might in the course of the bloodbath, during which greater than 300,000 Chinese language had been killed by Japanese invaders, when Nanjing, then China’s capital, was occupied in December 1937.
Officers from the memorial corridor stated Guan narrated that he witnessed Japanese invaders killing folks a number of occasions.
The Nationwide Memorial Day falls on Dec 13, and this yr marks the eightieth anniversary of the Nanjing Massacre.
“Guan was an orphan earlier than 1937 and had no siblings. 5 years in the past, his spouse died at age 84,” Liu stated.
Web customers mourned for Guan after the memorial corridor introduced his dying on Sina Weibo on Sunday.
The Weibo submit stated Guan was a barrel maker in Lishui county and lived a frugal life. He was at all times prepared to assist others and was extremely esteemed in the area people, it stated.
It additionally stated his household donated a number of of his private articles to the memorial corridor, together with a paper fan, a watch and a teapot.
Zhang Sheng, a historical past professor at Nanjing College, stated solely about half of the greater than 90 survivors can categorical themselves clearly as most are older than 85.
Wu Lisong, a historical past lecturer at Nanjing College, stated the general public used to consider that the survivor’s ache would move however have come to appreciate that it lasts a lifetime.
“A few of them are stricken with fright when folks carrying Japanese army uniforms seem on the TV display screen, and a few turn into irritable each time folks point out these years to them,” stated Wu, who since September 2016 has led a undertaking accumulating oral accounts from survivors.
“Neither an apology nor compensation can reverse the traumas to the victims and survivors, however we nonetheless should clarify the historical past, which can be a place to begin of reconciliation,” he stated.
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