Grotto Retreat Xiyaotou / A( )VOID
- Space :
Lead Architect :
“Hole villages” are a typical phenomenon in China rural areas. Many of the aboriginal households of the village have moved to the brand new rural residential areas, leaving their dilapidated homesteads. Contemplating the cultural heritage in Yu County akin to paper-cutting, wooden crafting, and ‘Fiery Timber and Silver Flowers’, the Fortune Artwork (FA) Homestay chosen Xiyaotou Village, out of 100 villages in Yu County, as the start of village poverty alleviation. The village has been remodeled into communal farms to supply native villagers with revenue by way of providing lodging, native meals providers, and actions. The agricultural revitalization mission of Xiyaotou Village began with the 2018 FA Rising Architect Award. “Grotto Retreat Xiyaotou” is among the 12 profitable designs.
The design idea begins with the unconventional distinction between the agricultural and concrete interpersonal networks, the native cave dwellings of the positioning are re-interpreted as vertical “grottos”. By flowing the bridge of connectivity in between the personal “grottos”, the design makes an attempt to appreciate a group through which private and non-private coexist. The bridge is supported by a hidden four-by-six-meter grid, which is derived from the length-to-width ratio of the unique cave dwellings on the positioning. It serves because the keynote for the structure of the hall construction and helps the brand new constructing complicated in a non secular sense.
Wandering below and above the wood bridge, one might oversee the encircling panorama and aboriginal structure of Yu County, that are framed by the hyperbolic facade, pinewood columns, and corten-steel fenestration of the complicated.
For the therapy of the vertical “grottos” unit, with the implementation of scattered volumes, hyperbolic shapes, varied fenestration dimensions, native supplies, and building strategies, the constructing complicated makes an attempt to be appropriate with the positioning and amongst different works.
With the help of the seven-meter-high ceiling, the sunroof of the vertical “grottos” encourages residents to give attention to the verticality of the house, “housed by the sky and the earth and clothed by the home” (Liu Ling). The introduction of beneficiant skylights contextualizes residents to rurality’s rhythm of “working from daybreak to nightfall” and additional exposes their sensitivity to the solar’s trajectory.
Climatically, with the intention to heat the three-quarters of Zhangjiakou averaging 10 Diploma Celsius, solar rays enter by way of skylights and are preserved by double-layered brick partitions; throughout summer season, warmth may be discharged by way of chimney impact given rise by the collaboration of the unit’s geometry and fenestration.
The protruding bricks on the elevation, because the car of part of the development course of, have been the place the place the scaffolding discovered its short-term help for bricklayers to finish the double-layered brick wall with a median top of seven meters. Their visibility on the facade relies on the depth of the solar and cloud density. The shadow of the protrusions and wooden bridge solid on the hyperboloid morphs with the solar’s trajectory, rising ephemeral time-spaces.