So how will we worth companies?
Whereas there are a lot of obtainable strategies to evaluate the identical, there isn’t any particular reply on whether or not a selected valuation a number of is justified or not. It is because every sector is totally different and no two firms are precisely the identical even when they’re in the identical sector. Probably the most extensively used valuation strategies is worth a number of which incorporates Value/Earnings, Value/E-book Worth, EV/EBITDA and Value/Gross sales. Value/Earnings is one the most typical a number of which is used for many sectors together with Auto, FMCG, Shopper Durables, Pharma, IT, and Capital Items. For financial institution and lending firms, Value/E-book Worth is a extra acceptable methodology as banks earn earnings primarily based on their steadiness sheet measurement. For firms with excessive ranges of debt, EV/EBITDA a number of is used for valuation. Steel and Cement sectors often resort to EV/EBITDA a number of for valuation.
Whereas Value multiples are good to make use of, it could actually typically be deceptive as earnings per share isn’t at all times dependable and it’s troublesome to check firms in two totally different sectors. As an illustration, an investor can’t assign the identical worth for Steel and FMCG shares. Steel as everyone knows is extremely cyclical and extra weak to financial circumstances.
Then again, FMCG enterprise is way much less weak to financial cycles. Therefore, it might be justified to assign the next a number of to FMCG shares as in comparison with Metals. The alternate methodology which can be utilized is Discounted Money Circulation methodology whereby future money flows are discounted primarily based on projections to its current worth to establish the honest worth of the corporate.
(Disclaimer: Suggestions, solutions, views and opinions given by the specialists are their very own. These don’t symbolize the views of Financial Occasions)