Attacks on Hindu Community Reflect Deadly Identity Crisis

Attacks on Hindu Community Reflect Deadly Identity Crisis

0 0
Read Time:7 Minute, 12 Second

On Oct. 15, mob violence erupted within the city of Begumganj, Bangladesh, throughout Durga Puja, the holiest Bengali Hindu competition of the yr. The unrest was sparked by on-line rumors that the Quran had been desecrated when it was allegedly positioned on the toes of the Hindu goddess Durga. Latest reviews counsel that Muslim hard-liners could have used social media to impress the violence, which killed two Hindu worshippers. Within the wake of the incident, assaults on Hindu websites swept throughout Bangladesh, with not less than 17 temples focused, houses ransacked, and several other Hindus killed in different clashes, in keeping with native reviews. The violence has triggered protests from Dhaka to London.

The Bangladeshi authorities has stated these liable for the latest assaults will face prosecution. But the unrest is a part of a disturbing and long-running sample towards the nation’s Hindu minority. The periodic communal violence displays Bangladesh’s splintering id, between its Bengali heritage and its Muslim non secular majority. In latest a long time, Bangladesh has seen a surge in Islamism—partially bolstered by the expansion of anti-Muslim sentiment in neighboring India. The latest incidents present that the nation now dangers dropping its pluralistic heritage beneath the shadow of rising intolerance.

When British India was divided into the states of India and Pakistan in 1947—largely alongside non secular strains—the predominantly Muslim japanese portion of Bengal province grew to become East Pakistan, which declared independence as Bangladesh in 1971. Though many Hindus left the area for India throughout Partition, fearing persecution, many others remained. Over the following six a long time, this inhabitants declined, in relative phrases, to about 8 % of the inhabitants at this time. Bangladesh’s Hindus are actually a beleaguered minority, more and more dealing with discrimination and even violence in on a regular basis life.

On Oct. 15, mob violence erupted within the city of Begumganj, Bangladesh, throughout Durga Puja, the holiest Bengali Hindu competition of the yr. The unrest was sparked by on-line rumors that the Quran had been desecrated when it was allegedly positioned on the toes of the Hindu goddess Durga. Latest reviews counsel that Muslim hard-liners could have used social media to impress the violence, which killed two Hindu worshippers. Within the wake of the incident, assaults on Hindu websites swept throughout Bangladesh, with not less than 17 temples focused, houses ransacked, and several other Hindus killed in different clashes, in keeping with native reviews. The violence has triggered protests from Dhaka to London.

The Bangladeshi authorities has stated these liable for the latest assaults will face prosecution. But the unrest is a part of a disturbing and long-running sample towards the nation’s Hindu minority. The periodic communal violence displays Bangladesh’s splintering id, between its Bengali heritage and its Muslim non secular majority. In latest a long time, Bangladesh has seen a surge in Islamism—partially bolstered by the expansion of anti-Muslim sentiment in neighboring India. The latest incidents present that the nation now dangers dropping its pluralistic heritage beneath the shadow of rising intolerance.

When British India was divided into the states of India and Pakistan in 1947—largely alongside non secular strains—the predominantly Muslim japanese portion of Bengal province grew to become East Pakistan, which declared independence as Bangladesh in 1971. Though many Hindus left the area for India throughout Partition, fearing persecution, many others remained. Over the following six a long time, this inhabitants declined, in relative phrases, to about 8 % of the inhabitants at this time. Bangladesh’s Hindus are actually a beleaguered minority, more and more dealing with discrimination and even violence in on a regular basis life.

Bangladesh’s Muslim majority has lengthy had a divided id. On the one hand, Bangladeshis are connected to the Bengali language, which is basically seen as a supply of shared cultural satisfaction. Linguistic discrimination greater than some other issue led the nation into its 1971 independence battle. (Individuals in Pakistan, then West Pakistan, predominantly converse Urdu and Punjabi.) Then again, Islam has uniquely permeated present-day Bangladesh. It arrived in what was then the province of Bengal comparatively late: across the thirteenth century, properly after the Muslim conquests of present-day Pakistan and northwestern India. In contrast to elsewhere on the subcontinent, Muslim rulers in Bengal launched their faith slowly. The peasantry adopted their agricultural know-how, their values, and finally their religion—absent the orthodox norms frequent in different components of the Islamic world.

Nevertheless, Bangladesh’s reasonable model of Islam started to shift within the Nineteen Eighties, partially due to the rising affect of Wahhabism. Saudi funds enabled the constructing of madrassas (non secular colleges) and mosques, in addition to supported radical imams. On the similar time, many Bangladeshis traveled to the Persian Gulf within the wake of the Nineteen Seventies oil growth, turning into uncovered to a extra inflexible model of Islam. They returned to Bangladesh flush with their earnings and newfound non secular zeal. The nation’s largest Islamist political occasion, Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami, seemingly courted these returning expatriates.

In opposition to this backdrop, numerous radical Islamist organizations emerged, notably within the final twenty years. Among the many most outstanding are Ansarullah Bangla Group, Hizb ut-Tahrir, and Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB). These teams have attacked secular intellectuals, terrorized the Hindu neighborhood, and launched dramatic terrorist assaults, together with in Dhaka, the capital. They’ve sought to intimidate those that dare to problem their imaginative and prescient of Islam, together with educators, journalists, and even politicians. Though the federal government has spoken out towards Islamist extremism, its willingness and talent to crack down on these organizations has not been enough.

The affect of radical teams in Bangladesh has emboldened assaults on the Hindu neighborhood. Bangladesh has seen practically 4,000 assaults towards its Hindu neighborhood since January 2013, in keeping with a outstanding native human rights group. In October 2016, for instance, a mob of Muslims attacked 15 Hindu temples and the houses of greater than 100 Hindu households in Nasirnagar, close to Dhaka. As with this month’s incident, what triggered the violence was a rumored non secular offense, shared on Fb.

The Bangladeshi authorities’s monitor file doesn’t provide a lot consolation within the wake of the latest violence. When the center-right Bangladesh Nationalist Celebration dominated in an alliance with the Bangladesh Jamaat-e-Islami occasion from 2001 to 2006, the federal government was extensively seen as unsympathetic to ethnic and non secular minorities. (The Excessive Courtroom outlawed Jamaat-e-Islami in 2013.) Regardless of its secular values, the ruling Awami League occasion has not demonstrated any nice dedication to defending the Hindu neighborhood and different minorities. Barring a couple of constituencies, neither main occasion depends on minority electoral assist.

Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina’s authorities has waxed and waned in its efforts to curb Islamic radicalism. After a sequence of assaults towards Hindus in 2016, the federal government cracked down, resulting in mass arrests. The identical yr, a terrorist assault in a Dhaka bakery killed 24 individuals, together with 17 international residents; seven militants, members of a JMB splinter faction, had been sentenced to loss of life for his or her involvement. In these circumstances, dangerous international publicity seemingly influenced the federal government’s actions. However this time Hasina could have little compelling motive for one more large-scale crackdown on Muslim extremists, aside from concern of antagonizing Hindus in India—the place the rise of anti-Muslim bigotry may very well incline her authorities to soft-pedal the problem.

Exterior developments have accelerated Bangladesh’s flip towards Islamism. Hindu nationalism in neighboring India beneath the Bharatiya Janata Celebration and the rising marginalization of the Muslim neighborhood there have emboldened Muslim extremists in Bangladesh. Offended over the assaults on their fellow Muslims in India, some Bangladeshi Muslims have retaliated towards the Hindu minority in their very own nation. When Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited Dhaka in March, hard-liners attacked Hindu temples, and violence unfold throughout the nation. And within the wake of this month’s violence, Hasina warned that incidents in India might have opposed results on the Hindu neighborhood in Bangladesh.

Little question beneath some strain from New Delhi, Hasina has stated these liable for the October assaults shall be delivered to justice. However justice—if delivered—shall be removed from speedy, given the abject state of policing in Bangladesh and the nation’s judicial backlog. Within the meantime, renewed assaults towards the Hindu neighborhood are seemingly, and within the absence of sustained diplomatic strain, their plight will stay unaddressed.

Happy
Happy
0 %
Sad
Sad
0 %
Excited
Excited
0 %
Sleepy
Sleepy
0 %
Angry
Angry
0 %
Surprise
Surprise
0 %

Average Rating

5 Star
0%
4 Star
0%
3 Star
0%
2 Star
0%
1 Star
0%

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.